Texas Whitetail Deer
White-tail deer are the most abundant large game species in North America; the whitetail population is largest in Texas, where an estimated three to four million of the deer reside. The deer's coat is a reddish-brown in the spring and summer and turns to a grey-brown throughout the fall and winter. The deer can be recognized by the characteristic white underside to its tail, which it shows as a signal of alarm by raising the tail during escape.
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Bucks range ion weight from 130 to 220 lbs, but in rare cases there have been bucks with a recorded weight of 350 lbs! The females, or does, range from 90 to 200 lbs. The Whitetail Bucks also shed their antlers annually. As the antlers begin to grow in late spring they are covered with a highly vascular tissue known as velvet. The antlers can be typical, meaning symmetrical with points growing upward, or they can be atypical with points growing in any direction and lacking symmetry.
Whitetail Deer move most often and for the greatest distances during spring and fall. In late spring, does may travel in search of fawning sites, although adult females move less than other deer. Greater travels are made by yearlings, on their own for the first time. Travel increases in fall after the harvest, as deer leave croplands and begin mating activities. Whitetails have developed keen senses to help them avoid predation. They depend on scent, particularly in thick cover, but also have excellent hearing and sight.
Whitetail meat makes a great meal. Venison is high in protein, yet roughly half the fat when compared to a similar cut of beef.
Field Aging Whitetail Bucks
There are some basic body "shapes" that help identify a buck's age, but you kind of have to "read between the body size." In essence, you have to ignore the over-all body size and look for specific characteristics.
Just remember that body shape is going to change dramatically from the late summer and opening of bow season to November/December (rut). Even older bucks look "scrawny" in late summer. There is also a difference in a buck's body shape and size in different regions of North America. For example a Texas Whitetail buck compared to a Canadian buck of the same age looks much smaller and dainty.
Field Aging Information gathered from http://whitetaildeerpassion.blogspot.com