The red sheep is a hybrid between the Armenian mouflon (Ovis gmelini gmelini) and the trans-Caspian urial (O. vignei arkal), which occurs naturally in the Alborz Mountains of northern Iran. The Iranian Red Sheep are found mostly on private ranches in Texas now.
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Its offspring are fertile. As a hybrid, it exhibits characteristics of both parental species. The chromosome number varies from 54-58, the saddle patch and bib may be present or absent, and the neck ruff and horn configuration are variable.
The general coloration is light brown or tan, with individuals varying from very light grayish-brown to light reddish-brown. Underparts are white. Females are smaller than males and may or may not have horns.
Trophy Red Sheep will have horn lengths in the mid to upper 20 inch range and the Record Red Sheep will have horn lengths in the low to mid 30 inch ranges.