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The Gemsbok (Oryx gazella), and endangered Antelope native to teh Kalahari Desert Region of Southern Africa, is a desert antelope also known as the Southern Oryx.

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The Male Gemsbok typically stands at 46-48 inches shoulder height, and weighs from 400 to 525 pounds. A large, very handsome antelope with a sloping back and striking black-and-white markings. It is heavily built through the chest and shoulders, giving it the appearance of having no neck. Ears are large and rounded. Tail is long and tufted. Overall coloration is a pale grayish-fawn. There is a black dorsal stripe, wide black bands on the flanks, and black markings on the throat, upper legs and rump. Black facial stripes connect with a black band encircling the muzzle. The tail is long and black. The horns (both sexes) are very long and straight and diverge rather widely at the tips, although this varies with the individual. The female is somewhat smaller and has horns that tend to be slimmer, longer and more parallel than the male's, and are sometimes slightly curved.

The Gemsbuck was introduced in the White Sands Missile Range of southern New Mexico between 1969-1977 by the state game department. Conditions there are similar to those in southern Africa and the herd is doing well. Limited permits are available through drawing.

In Texas, the Gemsbok first appeared in 1960 on the Camp Cooley Ranch in Robertson County. The Top 5 World Record Gemsbok all come from the Texas Hill Country area, with 21 of the 22 Gold Medal Gemsbok from Texas as well.