Eld's Deer (Cervus eldii), also called Brow Antlered Deer or Sangai and Thamin, is a critically endangered species. The Eld's Deer was named after British Lt. Percy Eld, its European discoverer in 1838. Native to southeastern Asia from eastern India to Vietnam and the Chinese island of Hainan. There are three subspecies of Eld's Deer throughout the world: eldi (Manipur Eld deer or sangai) from Manipur State in India; thamin (Burmese Eld deer or thamin) from southern Burma; and siamensis (Thai Eld deer or Thai thamin) from Thailand east to Hainan.
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The Eld's Deer is a medium sized deer standing approximately 3.5 ft at the shoulder and weighing up to 330 lbs. The Elds Deer antlers rise at a right angle from close-set pedicels. The antlers differ from those of any other deer in that the long brow tine and the main beam form a continuous curve. They are forked at the tips and, in older males, there are a number of short tines growing from the upper part of the beam. There also may be one or more short tines where the brow tine and the beam meet.
The Eld's Deer has similar features to a Barasingha Deer. The Elds Deer Stags are much heavier than the females. Their coarse coat changes color with the season from a reddish brown in the summer to a dark brown in the winter. The Eld's Deer is called the Brow-antlered deer due to it's especially long brow tine. The Eld's Deer sheds it's antlers every year as most deer due as well.