Buffalo - Bison
In America, the Bison is commonly referred to as Buffalo. The only two types of Bison which exist today are the American Bison and European Bison. The Buffalo is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America and Europe today. Both species were hunted to near extinction during the 19th and 20th centuries but have since rebounded due to game and food management ranches throughout the United States.
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The Buffalo has a dark brown coat that is dense abnd wooly around the neck and shoulders. Buffalo stand about 6 ½ feet tall at the shoulder and can grow as much as 11½ feet long. They Buffalo can weigh up to 2200 lbs.
Bison are born without their hump, or horns, and grow into maturity at 2-3 years of age. They will continue to put on mass until around 7 years of age, and can live for upwards of 20 years. Both male and female Buffalos have horns, though when they are born, they have only buttons.
Buffalo in the United States are typically raised for their lean meat, but the Buffalo makes an excellent trophy because of its size.