The Addax Antelope is a desert antelope also known as the screw-horn antelope. Native to the Sahara Desert, the Addax is one of the world’s rarest mammals. The Addax are native to India and were introduced to Texas ranches in the 1970s. Addax have been hunted extensively for their horns, meat and skin.
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The Addax weighs from 130 to 260 pounds. Extremely rare in its native habitat, the Addax is quite common in captivity and is regularly bred on ranches where they are hunted as trophies. There are fewer than 500 addax left in wild, with fewer than 860 in captivity. This makes an Addax trophy a very rare and exotic one to harvest.
Both male and female have horns and they range in size from 30 inches on females to 47 inches on males. The coloration of an Addax will vary but most are some variation of yellowish brown with a mat of dark brown on their forehead. Addax herds contain both males and females and have from two to twenty animals. They will generally stay in one place and only wander widely in search of food. Addax have a strong social structure, based on age, and herds are led by the oldest male.