Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekei) is a medium-sized antelope that has evolved for living in Africa's swamps and flooded forests.
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The back of the Sitatunga is hunched, and the coat is long and shaggy, the legs are long and thin, the hoofs are elongated with widespread tips and greatly enlarged false hoofs, and the tail is tufted. Coloration of the Sitatunga is gray to brown, with white markings on cheeks and throat and an incomplete white facial chevron. White stripes and spots may be present or absent, varying with the race and location.
Only the male Sitatunga Bulls grow horns, which are long and smooth, carry two keels and form 1-1/2 to 2 spiral turns on mature specimens. Female Sitatunga are smaller, without horns, reddish-brown in color, and are more likely than males to have conspicuous white markings.
The Sitatunga is native to Africa, where it is found in swamps and marshes south of the Sahara. Four subspecies of Sitatunga are recognized in Africa.